Dementia - Diagnosis & Treatment

Dementia is a broad term used to describe a decline in cognitive function that interferes with daily life. It's not a normal part of ageing, although the risk does increase with age. While there's currently no cure for dementia, early diagnosis and management can significantly improve quality of life for both patients and caregivers. If you're concerned about yourself or a loved one experiencing memory loss, confusion, or personality changes, it's important to seek medical advice to explore potential causes and treatment options.

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Is Dementia Preventable?

There’s no specific way of preventing dementia or most of the conditions leading to dementia. However, given the known dementia risk factors, you can reduce your risk of developing dementia (especially late-onset dementia) in the following ways:

  • Taking care of your physical and mental well-being

  • Avoiding head injuries

  • Staying active both physically and mentally

  • Maintaining a healthy body weight

  • Eating a healthy, well-balanced diet

  • Drinking and smoking less (or not at all)

  • Managing high blood pressure

  • Managing blood sugar levels

  • Staying socially connected with friends and family

  • Addressing hearing loss


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Dementia Treatment

Currently, there’s no cure for dementia. Like with many brain-related conditions, dementia is irreversible. However, certain treatments can slow down the progression of dementia, relieve the associated symptoms, and make it easier to live with the disease. Such treatments include:


In the UK, dementia is treated using four main drugs:

  • Donepezil

  • Galantamine

  • Memantine

  • Rivastigmine

Donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine belong to a group of drugs called cholinesterase inhibitors. They boost acetylcholine levels in the brain, a neurotransmitter that allows neurons to communicate with each other. Cholinesterase inhibitors are typically prescribed to dementia patients with Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, or Lewy bodies.

Memantine works by checking the levels of glutamate, another neurotransmitter. People with dementia, particularly Alzheimer’s disease, tend to have excess glutamate, which damages nerve cells. The drug protects healthy nerve cells from damage by regulating glutamate action.

Other medications may be administered to treat the underlying condition or symptoms, such as Parkinson’s disease, depression, hallucinations, mood swings, and agitation.


Alternative Therapies

Alternative therapies are also used, often alongside prescription drugs, to manage dementia and improve the patient’s quality of life. Complementary dementia treatments include:

  • Cognitive stimulation therapy

  • Cognitive rehabilitation

  • Occupational therapy

  • Aromatherapy

  • Light therapy

  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)


Personalised Care

Sometimes, the best treatment for dementia is to provide home-based or professional care and support, especially in the mid to late stages of the disease. Here are some of the ways you can care for a person with dementia:

  • Create a calm and relaxed environment

  • Speak to them in simple language

  • Use sensory stimulation techniques

  • Encourage the patient to participate in social and physical activities

  • Establish a daily routine

Living with dementia or caring for someone with dementia is not easy. It takes a high level of patience and understanding to get through every single day. But you don’t have to take this journey alone. Experienced neuropsychologists and geriatric psychiatrists at our London clinic are on hand to assist you as a dementia patient or caregiver. We offer personalised dementia treatment in London, along with a wealth of resources for better living with dementia.

Contact us or visit our London clinic to learn more.


Start Your Consultation

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Schedule a Video Consultation or a Face-to-Face appointment at your convenience by using our online booking system.


Schedule a Video Consultation or a Face-to-Face appointment at your convenience by using our online booking system.

Your dedicated Specialist Doctor will provide you with personalized treatment, tailoring it to your specific needs, and may include necessary medication.

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Connect With Our Specialists

If you're navigating a diagnosis or seeking more information about Dementia assessment and treatment options, we're here to support you.

Schedule an appointment at our London-based clinic, where our team of experts is committed to providing personalised care and guidance every step of the way.


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